The English surname of Ellingford is of two origins.  In the first place, this name is of locative origin.  Locative surnames are those names which derive their origin from a geographic or man-made feature near which the original bearer once lived or held land.  Here, Ellingford is derived from "Ellen-ford" which means "dweller by the ford on the river Ellen".  The Ellen is located in Uldale, Cumbria and follows to Solway Firth at Maryport.

Alternatively, the family name Ellingford may be of toponymic origin.  Toponymic surnames are those name which derive their origin from a particular place-name near which the initial bearer resided or held land.  Here, the name is derived from "Illingword" - now called Illingworth, which is located in Yorkshire.  Illingworth is the name of a chapelry and Moor in the parish of Halifax in West Yorkshire.  The place name itself means "enclosure of Illa's people" - Illa being a Scandinavian personal name which later became "Ellen" in England.  Scandinavian influence was strong in England in the wake of the Viking raids in the ninth century.  Because of its local origins, early instances of the surname are prefixed by "de" meaning "of".

Early instances of the name in England include one Alice de Illingworth who is mentioned in the Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Yorkshire in 1314 and John de Illyngworth mentioned in the Poll Taxes for Yorkshire in the year 1379.  Not surprisingly, Illingworth is now most numerous in the Yorkshire and Lancashire.  Another variant is Ellingworth.

Blazon of Arms:

Argent a fesse flory gules counterflory between three escallops sable.

Translation:

Argent (white) denotes Peace and Sincerity. The escallop symbolises Venture as it was used by pilgrims to the Holy Land in the Middle Ages.

Crest:

Within a crescent argent a cock crowing sable.

Origin:

England